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Indiana Prescription Drug Addiction

Indiana prescription drug addiction is a problem that has been growing within the state and throughout the US. With newer prescription drugs coming out, there are more chances for addiction statistics to rise. The prevalence of prescribed medications can minimize the perception of risk. Individuals that use prescription drugs either above the prescribed amount or recreationally may be in danger of becoming addicted because tolerance levels can rise rapidly, leading an individual to wanting to take more than is considered a safe dosage. Even if an individual obtains prescription drugs illegally or begins to take more than the prescribed amount, they might be in denial that they are becoming addicted. Indiana prescription drug addiction can include prescribed and illegally obtained drugs and must be a focus of treatment centers when individuals seek help for abuse.

Indiana Prescription Drug Addiction and Abuse

Indiana’s common drug addiction problems mirror those in the country as a whole, but specific trends can be monitored to help with addiction care and prevention. The Trust for America’s Health (TFAH) reported on Indiana addiction and drug abuse statistics in 2013. When it comes to drug overdose morbidity rates, Indiana ranks the 17th highest. Another factor that came about was that only 1 in 10 Americans even receive treatment that have a drug or substance abuse disorder. These statistics show how common drug abuse and addiction is in Indiana, and this must be factored into awareness, prevention, and treatment overall.

Most facts researched in the TFAH report have to do with drug overdoses as a way to track addictions and abuse. A majority of drug overdose deaths can be attributed to prescription drug abuse. TFAH also found that prescription drug related deaths outnumber those from previously high risk drugs such as heroin and cocaine. With such a rise in prescription drug popularity, this type of drug must be targeted when it comes to prevention and recovery.

Common Prescription Drugs that Lead to Abuse

If treatment centers can understand common drug abuse trends in Indiana, they will be more likely to have the resources available for specific treatments that will be needed. Common types of prescription drugs are opium, sedatives, and stimulants. These commonly prescribed medications can do good when used correctly, but can quickly turn to adverse effects if an individual becomes addicted to these. Here are some characteristics of these common drugs and popular forms of medications that can be prescribed, but also lead to addiction.

Opiates are a prescription drug known for helping with pain management. While this is an effective medication in the short term, this isn’t something that an individual should take for long term pain management. Opiates are addictive because in order for an individual to have the same feeling and for drugs to have the same effect they will have to take more of the drug. This builds up a tolerance, and before long, an individual is addicted to their opiate of choice. Opiates are often obtained illegally for recreational use, or if an individual needs large quantities of this drug for their addiction. Opiates that are commonly prescribed and also abused are codeine, Vicodin and fentanyl.

Sedatives can be used as a mood stabilizer and might be prescribed if an individual is going through an emotional time or a one-time traumatic event. Much like opiates, sedatives aren’t usually prescribed for long term use. Individuals that are using sedatives that become addicted over time might become detached with reality and seem confused. Many times individuals will try to mask their addiction with the underlying problems, and can end up with dual diagnosis, with a mental illness as well as an addiction problem both needing to be treated. Common sedatives prescribed are benzodiazepines and barbiturates, both would only be prescribed in extreme cases.

The third type of prescription drugs that can lead to abuse if these aren’t monitored by a medical professional are stimulants. These might be prescribed as a medication to help with concentration, or for weight loss. Stimulants can work rapidly, and can have an additional side effect of euphoria that an individual might try to hold on to by taking more and more of this type of drug. While this might work in the short term, long term use of stimulants can lead to agitation, nervousness and detachment with reality. Some common stimulants that might be prescribed are amphetamines and Adderall.

Signs and Symptoms of Prescription Drug Abuse

There are two types of drug categories, Schedule I and Schedule II. Schedule I drugs are those that aren’t prescribed and can have adverse effects on an individual and aren’t seen as having any medical purpose. The most commonly prescribed drugs are Schedule II drugs, which include opiates, sedatives and stimulants. All of these can be habit-forming over time and loved ones might need to look out for warning signs of abuse and addiction.

Opiates might cause an individual to withdraw from normal activities and become lethargic and detached. Opiates are highly addictive and can cause the body to feel as if it is going through intense flu-like symptoms if withdrawal occurs. Sedatives can cause an individual to become anxious or lose sleep if an individual is coming down or trying to withdraw from this substance. Stimulants can make an individual jumpy or have extreme weight loss, and when withdrawing can cause an addict to become lethargic and depressed. If any signs of addiction are present, an individual should seek out the care of a medical professional, and not try to detox on their own.

Nationwide, the CDC reports that 1 in 20 people in the US have reported to using prescription painkillers for nonmedical reasons in the year before. This show how common the use of illegal prescription abuse is and how many individuals might not see using drugs recreationally as something serious. Without the education or the transparency of the effects that prescription drugs can have on an individual, people will continue to become addicted and will need to eventually seek out treatment.

While no two addictions are the same, Indiana prescription drug addiction treatments must be tailor-made to individuals in order to ensure that detox and continued care fits an addict’s needs. If an individual can find the right care, relapse can be avoided and preventative measures such as support groups can be useful in the long run. Pick up the phone and speak with an addiction specialist when you are serious about your sobriety.